coal quality of the former soviet union

The coal resources of Armenia (Book) | OSTI.GOV

Dec 31, 1997· The US Geological Survey (USGS) is conducting a program of coal exploration and resource assessment in Armenia. The project is funded by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) as part of USAID`s emphasis on energy resources in the former Soviet Union. Relatively little is known about the coal resources of Armenia because the Soviet ...

Coal in Russia - Wikipedia

Coal is one of the largest sources of energy in Russia, accounting for 14.4% of the country's electricity consumption. The prominence of coal power in Russia has been declining since 1990, although Russia has among the largest coal reserves in the world. Russia is the fifth largest consumer of coal in the world and is the sixth largest producer of coal.

Format: Shapefile / Place: Uzbekistan - EarthWorks Search ...

Stanford University Libraries' official online search tool for geographic information systems (GIS), maps, and other geographic datasets.

The Slow Road from Serfdom: Labor Coercion and Long-Run ...

•Coal Territory is an indicator for the presence of coal territories, and is based on data from the Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union project of the U.S. Geological Survey (Brownfield et al. 2001), accessed via

Post-Soviet states - Wikipedia

The post-Soviet states, also known as the former Soviet Union (FSU), the former Soviet Republics and in Russia as the near abroad (Russian: бли́жнее зарубе́жье, romanized: blizhneye zarubezhye), are the 15 sovereign states that were union republics of the Soviet Union; that emerged and re-emerged from the Soviet Union following its dissolution in 1991.

Coal, Oil, and Gas for the Twenty-First Century

followed by natural gas and then by coal (Figure 1). It has been only in the past year that natural gas has surpassed coal as an energy source on a worldwide basis, mainly because of the recent decline of coal production in the former Soviet Union and China. The primary energy production from the major producing regions of the world for the

Coal Industry Of The Former Ussr Coal Supply System And ...

The Coal Resources of the Former Soviet Union view (digitized from Tyzhnov and Molchanov, ) includes12 themes coal sample point (coal) The coal sample point theme table includes 4 joins using the, std,, and files. Europe and the Coal Industry 2 Coal and the Energy Mix 3 and the other countries of the former Soviet Union is approximately Mtce.

The Formation and Evolution of the Soviet Union's Oil and ...

Mar 29, 2017· Between the end of World War II and the mid-1960s, the Soviet Union's economy was one of the most vibrant in the world. The country had successfully launched the first man into space and was competing with the United States in developing cutting-edge military technology. However, by the end of the 1980s, the economy was in a miserable state.

Coal Quality of the Former Soviet Union - Readme file

43 · Dec 07, 2016· Approximate coal rank relationships between the Former Soviet Union (GOSSTANDART) and United States (ASTM) coal classifications. Exact equivalence of a particular sample is difficult because the conditions of sample handling, chemical analyses and variation in usage of terms by the coal industry in the Former Soviet Union is often unclear.

Major Industrial Regions of the Former USSR

Major Industrial Regions of the Former USSR! Before the revolution in Russian industry which began in 1928, manufacturing was confined to the western parts of the Soviet Union. Its chief centres were Leningrad, Moscow with its ring of smaller towns, and the Ukraine. Also, the Donetz basin, with its reserves of coal and iron, constituted the ...

Digital Mapping – German POWs in the USSR – Susan Grunewald

"German Prisoners of War in the Soviet Union: Life, Law, Memory, 1941-1956," PhD Dissertation, Carnegie Mellon University, 2019. ... ² Coal basin data is from Michael Brownfield et al., "Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union: ...

Soviet experience of underground coal gasification ...

Oct 13, 2015· Gregg et al. summarised the Soviet experience at that time and came to the conclusion that "the amount of UCG research effort expended by the Soviets far exceeds the summation of research efforts by other nations".The detailed history of the gas and coal industry in the Soviet Union was described by Gregg et al. (), Antonova et al. (), Klimenko (), Matveichuk and Evdoshenko (), and …

Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union

The Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) ArcView project contains 10 views and 4 cross-section pseudo views. Three views contain georeferenced spatial data: the coal basins and territories of the FSU, the coal resources of the FSU, and the surface geology of the FSU. Four graphic views include image files that are ...

GeoWeb Search Results

2001. Vernadsky State Geological Museum. This shapefile contains points that describe coal locations with associated coal quality data in the countries comprising the Former Soviet Union. ... U.S. Geological Survey.

Ministry of Coal Industry - Wikipedia

The coal industry had originally been part of the all-union People's Commissariat of Heavy Industry. A ukase of the Presidium, Supreme Soviet USSR of 24 January 1939 established the all-union People's Commissariat of Fuel Industry, which included the coal, shale and petroleum industries.

CiteSeerX — THIS REPORT IS PRELIMINARY AND MAS NOT BEEN ...

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Project. The purpose of the PASA is to support the implementation, by the U.S. Geological Survey, of assistance and training activities in connection with petroleum, natural gas, and coal resources in the Newly Independent States (NIS) of the Former Soviet Union. These activities are aimed toward the establishment of ...

4. China and the former Soviet Union - ScienceDirect

Nov 01, 1996· China and the former Soviet Union Table 4.4 Production, consumption, and exportable surpluses ofoil, natural gas, and coal in the NIS, 1990-93, with projections to 2010 1045 Fuel and status 1990 1993a 1995 2000 2005 2010 Oil Production In million tonnes 571 403 372 In million barrels per day ofoil equivalent 11.71 8.26 7.63 Biggest producers ...

Rising Asian demand drives global coal consumption growth ...

Dec 20, 2011· For example, Europe and the Former Soviet Union were the only two regions with declining coal consumption between 1980 and 2010, falling 32% and 42% respectively. Divergent coal use trends mean that Asia's share of global coal use rose from 24% to 63% during this period (see chart).

Former Soviet Union - Claims Conference

Former Soviet Union. Through our partner organization, the JDC, the Claims Conference provides food, medical care, transportation and emotional support to thousands of Jewish victims of Nazi persecution in need in the former Soviet Union. Elderly Nazi victims residing in the former Soviet Union (FSU) are among the neediest Jews in the world ...

The World Coal Quality Inventory: A status report ...

Jul 20, 2005· Two other CD-ROMs have been published: Coal Geology, Land Use, and Human Health in the Peoples Republic of China (Karlsen et al., 2001) and Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union—An ArcView project (Brownfield et al., 2001). The CD-ROM currently in preparation is a report on coal quality of WoCQI samples for the coal-producing ...

Projecting the global impact of fossil fuel production ...

Aug 09, 2021· The Former Soviet Union (FSU) region Footnote 1 is a major contributor to the world's fossil fuel production. The region accounts for over 7% (coal), 15% (oil) and 21% (gas) of the world's production in 2018 BP ().The large contribution of the FSU is matched by its resources which are over 18% (coal), 12% (oil) and 28% (gas) of the world's total BGR ().

Quality of Life in the Soviet Union: A Conference Report

Soviet Union for the benefit of' the elites, while most Soviet citizen s must make due with the much lower quality general health care system. While the Soviet Union has the largest number of hospital beds pe r capita in the world, the medical system is over-bureaucratized and routinized, and is plagued by chronic shortages of most health care

Data Dictionary for the Coal Quality and Resources of the ...

Open-File Report 01–104: Data Dictionary for the Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union ArcView Project The following tables are data dictionaries describing each field or column name in the data files used in the ArcView project databases.

Comparison of coal resource methodology of the Republic of ...

Dec 31, 1996· Comparison of the Armenia and US systems of coal resource and reserve calculation indicates that the methodologies used are remarkably similar. The terminology is different, thus leading to confusion, but the methods used to calculate tonnages are …

USSR Coal Production (DISCONTINUED)

USSR Coal Production (DISCONTINUED) is at a current level of 761.91M, down from 774.78M one year ago. This is a change of -1.66% from one year ago.